Negative Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents

Written by on April 6, 2015 in Other News

Editor’s Note — This article is part of our new Undergraduate Research Series. You can read more about it here.


The pulp and paper mill industry is important to the global economy because it generates thousands of jobs and billions of dollars. The United States in particular is a key player in the production of pulp and paper. As with any major industry, there are problems that arise during production. For the P&P mills this can be mainly seen in air and water pollution.

This paper will focus on the types of P&P production commonly seen in the United States as well as the pollutants that they produce and possible treatments for the contaminated effluents. Harmful chemicals that are frequently released into wastewater include PCBs, dioxins, and furans. The effects that these toxins have on biota normally seen in estuarine environments were also reviewed using international studies. Studies on bony fish, bivalves, and marine mammals were assessed and all showed that these toxins have the ability to cause some type of biological disturbance to the organism’s normal body function.

Overall, the data reviewed in this study showed that at the current level of regulation worldwide, P&P mills have the potential to release toxins that can affect ecosystems in a bottom-up fashion.

Read the full paper here: A Summary of the Negative Effects caused by Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents in Estuarine Systems.

Copyright © 2015 by Marine Science Today, a publication of Marine Science Today LLC.

About the Author

About the Author: Emily Tripp is the Publisher and Editor of She holds marine science and biology degrees from the University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and a Master of Advanced Studies degree in Marine Biodiversity and Conservation from Scripps Institution of Oceanography. When she's not writing about marine science, she's probably running around outside or playing with her dog. .


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