Toxic Effluents and the Effects on the Ecosystem

Written by on March 23, 2015 in Other News

Editor’s Note — This article is part of our new Undergraduate Research Series. You can read more about it here.

Starting with the Industrial Revolution the amount of pollutants dumped into the ocean over time has dramatically increased. The placement of an industrial plant or mill on a coastal area is ideal because they can be fueled by the uptake of the ocean or river water. Bleaching of paper by these pulp mills causes multiple chemical effluents to enter the aquatic environment at the point source of these mills. The side effects of this chemical pollution include degradation of the water quality and disturbances to the local ecosystem. Paper mills are a prime example of the industrialization that produces pollutants, in fact, they are the fifth largest contributor to water pollution (Sharma et al 2014).

Research was conducted by students at Coastal Carolina University to gain information on the effects of paper pulp kraft mill effluents in the aquatic environment. This issue was taken into account on a global scale as well as local and the effects were measured on organisms directly affected as well as those that are affected further down the food chain as dictated by trophic transfer.

Read the full paper here: Toxic Effluents and the Effects on the Ecosystem.

Copyright © 2015 by Marine Science Today, a publication of Marine Science Today LLC.

About the Author

About the Author: Emily Tripp is the Publisher and Editor of She holds marine science and biology degrees from the University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and a Master of Advanced Studies degree in Marine Biodiversity and Conservation from Scripps Institution of Oceanography. When she's not writing about marine science, she's probably running around outside or playing with her dog. .


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