National Park in Indonesia a Model of Co-Management

Written by on February 11, 2013 in Other News, Policy & Ocean Law
A boat in Karimunjawa National Park.

A boat in Karimunjawa National Park. Photo credit: christine laney via photopin cc.

According to a new study, fishing communities on the islands of Indonesia’s Karimunjawa National Park have found a way to improve their social well-being while lessening their reliance on marine resources. The Park, located in the Java Sea south of Borneo and home to 27 islands, is now a model of co-management for the whole country.

In 2006, a Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) study found that the resources in Karimunjawa were threatened by overfishing. Since then, the Karimunjawa National Park Authority has increased community participation in park management and provided financial incentives to help promote awareness of and compliance with fishing and other park regulations.

“Community involvement in the management of fisheries in Karimunjawa has had a significant impact on improving the sustainability of these resources,” said Dr. Stuart Campbell of the WCS, lead author on the paper. “One outcome has been the stabilization of reef fish biomass in some areas since the zoning regulations have taken effect. Another important outcome has been the improved socioeconomics and political power of participant communities, the key to any successful endeavor in sustainable development.”

Not only are better regulations benefiting the marine ecosystem, but the financial incentives have decreased the locals’ dependence on marine resources.

“This co-management model is ideal for both marine conservation and local empowerment,” said Dr. Caleb McClennen, Director of WCS’s Marine Program. “The current plan’s economic, legal, and participatory incentives have created a self-perpetuating system of exclusive access rights for local communities, who in turn support and enforce the protected area’s policies and regulations.”

To learn more:

A beach in Karimunjawa National Park.

A beach in Karimunjawa National Park. Photo credit: Azwari Nugraha.

Copyright © 2013 by Marine Science Today, a publication of Marine Science Today LLC.

About the Author

About the Author: Emily Tripp is the Publisher and Editor of She holds marine science and biology degrees from the University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and a Master of Advanced Studies degree in Marine Biodiversity and Conservation from Scripps Institution of Oceanography. When she's not writing about marine science, she's probably running around outside or playing with her dog. .


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